This course will study woodblock print illustrations in the context of cultural change. Buddhism and printing have been closely related since the dawn of the age of print. Many scriptures reproduced by woodblock printing were imbedded with illustrations, which themselves offer an effective tool to study cultural transformation. The seminar draws sources from both images and texts. Its cross-cultural perspective highlights nomads and non-Chinese peoples as agents of cultural transformation, with additional visual comparisons from Korean, Japanese, and Islamic traditions.