Why is it that in the modern era, beginning around the middle of the eighteenth century, artists begin to see various forms of monstrosity in aesthetic terms, as something beautiful? What is it about the modern period that accounts for this shift in how monstrosity is represented and understood and how does it differ from earlier historical images of the monster. This class will examine the modernist fascination with monstrosity, asking not only why it became a topic of such particular and widespread interest to artists, writers, and filmmakers during this time, but also what it can tell us about modernist aesthetics more broadly. Examining a range of representations from the 18th century on, we will look at a variety of visual artists, filmmakers, and novelists who depict various forms of monsters, be they human (Jack the Ripper) or non-human (the Golem). From Mary Shelleyâs Frankenstein and the myth of the vampire, to Picassoâs monstrous images of 1920s, to the distinctly modern phenomenon of serial killing, this course will chart the dark monstrous underside to modern art. Graduate/Undergraduate Equivalency: HART 517. Mutually Exclusive: Credit cannot be earned for HART 317 and HART 517.